Paris/New Delhi: India strongly voiced its concern over the new draft released yesterday at COP21 summit, saying “a durable agreement cannot be crafted by putting the polluters and the victims at the same level”.
The revised draft incorporated new recommendations but key issues were still unresolved, which include common but differentiated principles, climate finance and technology transfer, transparency and reviews of national targets proposed by countries.
“It is deeply disappointing that developed countries are not fulfilling their finance obligations and are trying to shift their responsibilities to developing countries,” said Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar.
“I must stress that the concept of Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) is a great innovation and has proved a game-changer. It has enabled the participation of over 186 countries. Yet, INDCs are not even mentioned in the draft,” the minister said.
On India’s crucial role at the climate change talks, Chairperson of the G77-China group, Ambassador Nozipho Joyce Mxakato Diseko told NDTV, “I do not imagine that India would depart from negotiating, from the interests of those (developing) countries. My view is that when people say India is being difficult they want India to behave like a developed country.”
“It is quite clear from this text that we are moving towards a weak climate agreement at Paris and this agreement is going to be voluntary bottom up,” said Chandra Bhushan, Deputy Director, Centre for Science and Environment.
US Secretary of State John Kerry had said at COP21, “The reviews of commitments should be transparent and legally binding, the US will double its public grant by 2020 and that public sector banks are willing to put money into climate change.”
But developing nations have maintained these solutions are ways of evading the commitment the US and developing countries have already made to contribute to the Green Climate Fund of 100 billion euros every year from 2020.
Earlier, The European Union formed an alliance with 79 African, Caribbean and Pacific countries, setting out a statement on what they would like to see in the agreement, leaving out equity, finance and tech transfer.
“This is the same divide and rule tactic the EU used in 2011 and now they’re doing it to divert attention to countries like India. They are throwing in millions to avoid billions they have to pay as part of climate action,” said Harjeet Singh, International Climate Policy Manager, Action Aid told NDTV.